How is prayer performed?

Intention and takbir

«Allaahy Akbar»

It is imperative to make an intention in your heart about performing prayer, determining the prayer, simultaneously with takbir:

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ

Allaahy Akbar

This means: «Allah is Great»

Example of intention: «I intended to perform the obligatory Zuhr prayer».

In this case, it is advisable to raise your palms to the level of your ears.

Qiyam (standing) and reading of the surah «Al-Fatihah»

«It is obligatory to stand and read the surah «al-Fatihah»

In the first rak'at before reading the surah «al-Fatihah» it is advisable to pronounce isti'azah:

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

Auzu billyahi minashshaytaanir-rajim

This means: «I ask for protection from wiles and harm the accursed devil»

Be sure to stand and read the surah «al-Fatihah»:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله رب العالمين * الرحمن الرحيم * مالك يوم الدين * إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين * اهدنا الصراط الْمُسْتَقِيمَ * صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّآلِّينَ

  • 1:1 Bismillaahi Rahmaani Rahiim.
  • 1:2 Alhamdullyaahi Robbil ^aalamiin.
  • 1:3 Ar-Rahmanir-Rahiim.
  • 1:4 Maaliki yaumiddiin.
  • 1:5 Iyaakya na^budu wa Iyaakya nasta^iin.
  • 1:6 Ihdinas-syrooatal-mustakyiim.
  • 1:7 Syrooatol-lyaziina an^amta ^alayhim, gayril- magdubi ^alayhim wa lyad-dooliin.


It is advisable for a man to keep his hands below the chest and above the navel, and for a woman on the chest so that the right hand is over the left and holds the wrist of the left hand.

After reading the surah «al-Fatihah», it is advisable to read at least one more ayah from the Qur'an.

Sura al-Ikhlyas is usually read:

قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ * اللهُ الصَّمَدُ * لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ * وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ

  • 112:1 KulhuwaAllaahu Ahad.
  • 112:2 Allaahus-Samad.
  • 112:3 Lam yalid wa lam yuulad.
  • 112:4 Wa lam yakullyahuu kufuuan Ahad.

Ruku' (waist bow)

«Subhana Rabbial-^aziim»

Before hand' it is advisable to say «Allaahu Akbar».

It is advisable to raise your hands as in takbir at the beginning of prayer.

Be sure to bend so that your palms are at the level of your knees.

To be in this position motionless at least for the time required to say «Subhaanallaah».

It is advisable to say 3 times in your hand:

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيم

Subhana Rabbial-'azim

This means: «My Almighty Lord is pure from all imperfections».

I^tidal (straightening)

«Sami^allaahu liman hamidah»

Straightening up, it is advisable to say:

سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ

Sami'al-lahu liman hamidah

This means: «Allah is All-Hearing. We hope that He will accept our praise».

It is imperative to straighten up and remain in this position.

During the time required to say «Subhaanallaah».

Straightening up, it is advisable to raise your arms and say:

رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ

Rabbanaa wa Lakal Hamd

This means: «Oh, our Lord! Praise to You!» 


First Sujud (bowing to the ground)

«Subhaana Rabbi^al-a^laa»

Before Sujud, it is advisable to say «Allaahu Akbar»

Be sure to bow to the ground.

Lean on the floor with your knees, palms and toes, and press the middle of your forehead to the floor.

Be sure to stay in this position motionless.

For the time it takes to say «Subhaanallaah»

During sujud, it is advisable that the nose touches the floor. It is desirable that the hands are on the floor at shoulder level, the fingers are pressed together and directed towards Kyan'ba.

For men, it is desirable that the elbows are spread apart, and the stomach does not touch the hips.

For a woman, on the contrary, it is advisable to keep the elbows pressed to the body, and touch the hips with the stomach.

In Sujud, the elbows should not touch the floor - for both men and women

In Sujud, it is advisable to say 3 times:

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى

Subhaana Rabbi^al-a^laa

This means: «My Supreme Lord is pure from all faults».


«Sit between the Sujuds»

After bowing to the ground, it is imperative to sit down and remain in this position motionless for the time

necessary to pronounce the words «Subhaanallaah».

When a person sits in namaz, it is desirable that the left foot is under the buttocks, and the right foot is upright, resting the fingers on the floor (as in sujud).

It is desirable that the palms are on the knees, and the fingers were pointing towards Kaa'ba.

In this position, it is advisable to say:

رَبِّ ٱغْفِرْ لي وَٱرْحَمْن ي وَاجْبُرْنِي وَٱرْفَعْنِي وَٱرْزُقْنِي وَٱهْدِنِي وَٱرْزُقْيِي وَٱهْدِنفِي وَعَافِيي:

This means: «Oh my Lord! Grant me forgiveness, have mercy on me, help me, raise my degree, grant me food, lead me further along the True Path and protect me from disease» ...

The second sujud (bowing to the ground)

«Subhaana Rabbi^al-a^laa»

It is imperative to do the second sujud, which is performed in the same way as the first.

Getting up on the next rak'at , it is advisable to say «Allaahu Akbar».



«Sitting for reading At-Tashahhud»

Tashahhud is read while sitting. It is desirable that both palms are on the knees, and the fingers are directed towards Kya'ba

In tashahhud, when pronouncing the words «illallaah».

It is advisable to slightly raise the bent index finger of the right hand.

Tashahhud read aloud (so to hear himself):

التحيات المباركات الصلوات الطيبات لله, السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته, السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين, أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمدا رَسُولُ الله

  • At-tahiyyaatul-lillyaahi was-salawaatu wat-tayyibaatu
  • al-salamu^alyaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu
  • wa rahmatullaahi wa barakyaatuhu
  • as-salaamu ^alaynaa wa^alaa ^ibaadil-lyaahis-saalihiina
  • Ashhadu an laa ilaaha illal-laahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhuu wa rasuuluhu.


«Allaahumma sally ^alaa Muhammad»

B The last rak'at after tashahhud is sure to read salavat, the minimum of which is:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ

Allahumma salli ala Muhammad

This means: «Oh, Allah! Grant the Prophet Muhammad even more greatness and honor»


«As-Salaamu ^alaykum»

At the end of the prayer, be sure to say “al-Salamu' alaykum” so that you can hear yourself.

It is advisable to turn your head first to the right , say «al-Salaamu ^alaykum wa Rahmatullaah»

Then say the same, turning your head to the left.

These words conclude the prayer

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